On the initiative of the newly created Czechoslovak government, in 1947 the National Suffering Memorial was opened on the site of the suffering of tens of thousands; it was later on renamed the Terezin Memorial.
The Terezín Memorial consists of the following historic sites from the years 1940 – 1945:
The Small Fortress
- A tour through the area of the former police prison of the Gestapo is possible. The Museum of the Small Fortress houses the permanent exhibition The Small Fortress Terezín 1940 - 1945, as well as the permanent Art Exhibition of the Terezín Memorial. The Small Fortress also houses the permanent exhibitions Terezín 1780 - 1939, The Concentration Camp Litoměřice 1944 - 1945, The detention camp for the Germans. Small Fortress 1945 - 1948, temporary exhibitions and a cinema. The guides or archive employees can provide you with information.
The Ghetto Museum
- In this building there is a permanent exhibition about the Terezín Ghetto, a cinema, space for temporary exhibitions, as well as a study room and the offices of the department of education where visitors can get specific information.
The National Cemetery
- Established in 1945 for the victims of the Gestapo police prison in the Small Fortress, the Terezín Ghetto and the concentration camp in Litoměřice.
Memorial on the bank of the Ohře River
- In November 1944 the SS ordered prisoners to throw the ashes of about 22 000 victims cremated in the Ghetto Crematorium into the river.
The Park of the Terezín Children
- The park was established to commemorate the youngest Ghetto prisoners, and as a place for remembrance and reflection.
The former Magdeburg Barracks
- During the existence of the Ghetto this was the seat of the Jewish self-government. Today it houses the Meeting Centre, the Theatre in the attic and a reconstruction of a dormitory in the Ghetto, as well as the permanent exhibitions on the diverse parts of the cultural activities in the Ghetto.
The Jewish Prayer Room and reconstruction of the so-called garret (temporary housing facility of the Terezín Ghetto prisoners)
- Located in one of the courtyards of Terezín is a prayer room with wall paintings from the time of the Ghetto. Above it the remains of one of the “closets” were discovered. They were small rooms in the attics of residential and farm buildings in Terezín converted into emergency housings of a minimum size and providing a small group of prisoners with at least a little of privacy. In this case, it was undoubtedly a dwelling of craftsmen, who were concentrated in the building and worked in the nearby central ghetto workshops. Fortunately, this emergency residential space above the chapel was not rebuilt later on and could be turned back into a space similar to that of the ghetto times.
- Remains of the railway tracks connecting the Terezín Ghetto and the Bohušovice nad Ohří railway station, preserved in the places where the transports were cleared.
- The ashes of the cremated Ghetto victims were stored in this part of the original fortification.
The Ceremonial Halls and the Central Morgue of the Ghetto
- In these rooms the bodies of the deceased were collected and mourners paid their last respects.
The Jewish Cemetery and the Crematorium
- In the rooms of the Crematorium is a permanent exhibition about mortality and burials in the Ghetto.
Cemetery of Soviet soldiers
- In 1977 the exhumed remains of the 49 Soviet troops who died during the liberation of Czechoslovakia were buried in that cemetery.
The key mission of the Terezin Memorial, the only institution of its kind in the Czech Republic, is to commemorate the victims of the Nazi political and racial persecution during the occupation of the Czech lands in World War II, to promote museum, research and educational activities, and look after the memorial sites connected with the suffering and death of dozens of thousands of victims of violence.